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    1900 spiele

    1900 spiele

    Die in der französischen Hauptstadt Paris im Rahmen der Weltausstellung ( Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Paris) ausgetragenen Internationalen . Eine Übersicht der Fußballspiele für den Ergebnissen 1 - 16 von 34 Olympische Spiele: Architektur und Gestaltung. Berlin - München - Stuttgart: Katalog zur Ausstellung (Sonderveröffentlichungen des.

    Since there were two venues there were two course areas. One the river Seine near Meulan. The other course area was on the North Atlantic off the coats of Le Havre.

    Several teams had crews from multiple countries, and in one case, they won a gold medal. This team, of the United Kingdom and France, is attributed as a mixed team.

    Sailing during the turn of the century was not as well defined as it became later during the 20th century. Racing rules were mostly defined by local yacht clubs or in some cases by a National Yachting Federation.

    Also, boats were not standardized to what are now called One Design or One Builder classes. Therefore, many handicap systems or systems that put yachts into different categories were used.

    In , Auguste Godinet developed a formula that placed different boats in different Ton categories.

    For the sailing at the Olympics this rule was chosen to determine the tonnage of a yacht. The results of the individual races are known; however, in the past there has not been consensus on which races were considered "Olympic" and thus who the Olympic medalists were.

    The IOC has never decided which events were "Olympic" and which were not. MacHenry , alternately listed as French or American. For example, the medalists in the 3 — 10 Ton races are shown in the various sources as:.

    In all classes at Meulan except the Open class, there were two distinct "finals. The IOC initially recognized the winner of the first race in each class as Olympic champion except in the case of the 10 — 20 ton class, which was decided on aggregate time over three races.

    However, currently the participants of both first and second races in three classes 0 — 0. That is, the second race in each of these three classes is recognized by the IOC and for each of these events two gold, two silver, and two bronze medals were retrospectively awarded by the IOC.

    In the 3 — 10 Ton race, however, only the second race winners are listed with Olympic medals. The data below notes all races and medalists of the regattas of the Games of the second Olympiad, as well as of the Exposition Universelle and counts all winners as medalists, because the IOC website currently affirms a total of 95 medal events in the Games.

    There was some discussion about the validity of the Olympic status of Sailing at the Summer Olympics.

    The following quote states the status quo on this subject:. Given the possible awarding of cash prizes, the "Olympic status" of this sport in must be in question.

    During the sailing regattas at the Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing or owning yachts in the various classes:.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Offshore classes Le Havre. Thus, for this event, two gold, two silver, and two bronze medals were retrospectively awarded.

    However, the IOC website currently has affirmed a total of 95 medal events, after accepting, as it appears, the recommendation of Olympic historian Bill Mallon for events that should be considered "Olympic".

    These additional events include these other two previously uncounted sailing races. All races now considered official Olympic events, as IOC website affirms 95 total medal events.

    The following quote states the status quo on this subject: Retrieved 16 March Olympische Spiele in Paris. In many works, it is read that the IOC later met to decide which events were Olympic and which were not.

    This is not correct and no decision has ever been made. No discussion of this item can be found in the account of any Session.

    Archived from the original on International Society of Olympic Historians. Archived from the original PDF on Complete acceptance of Mallon' s recommendation would entail including one archery event championnat du monde and removing one shooting event 20 metre military pistol, which was an event for pros from the database.

    The standard of competition at the Games was variable. Despite a poor quality track, a strong contingent of top-class American collegiate athletes ensured the track and field competitions were of the highest quality.

    The tennis gold medalists were all former Wimbledon champions, swimming and fencing events were of a good standard and even polo, a minority sport for the social elite, was well represented by some of the best players in the game.

    Other sports were noticeably weak in both quality and depth. Only athletics, swimming and fencing had competitors from more than ten nations.

    The history of the archery competition at the Olympics is one of confusion. The IOC currently lists six events with Olympic status, but a case has been made that as many as eight other events equally deserve to be considered part of official Olympic history.

    About archers competed in the six events that later had official status conferred. However, as many as 5, were involved in archery competition in conjunction with the World's Fair.

    Belgian Hubert Van Innis took two gold medals and one silver and would add to his tally twenty years later in Antwerp. No track was laid and races took place on an uneven field of grass littered with trees.

    Additional events were held for professionals and a series of handicap races also took place. These are not considered official Olympic events.

    In the seven events contested over metres or less, the United States took 13 out of a possible 21 medals. Indeed, two would-be dentists from the University of Pennsylvania were among the stars of the Games.

    Alvin Kraenzlein won 4 individual gold medals, a feat that has never repeated, while Walter Tewksbury took five medals including two golds.

    Adolphe Klingelhoeffer, who had Brazilian citizenship in , competed for France in three events. United States dominance in sprinting was matched in the longer track races by United Kingdom.

    Only George Orton , who won Canada's first Olympic title in the shorter of the two steeplechases , ruined a perfect record for the British.

    Orton won his title less than an hour after placing third in the metre hurdles. The most contentious of all the events in these Games began and ended in the Bois de Boulogne.

    Intended to follow the track of the old city wall , the course was poorly marked out and runners often got lost and had to double back on themselves before continuing.

    On some parts of the course, runners had to contend with distractions from cars, bicycles, pedestrians and animals.

    Arthur Newton of the United States finished fifth but stated he had not been passed by any other runner during the race.

    Another American, Richard Grant , claimed he was run down by a cyclist as he made ground on the leaders. American domination was even greater in the field events than the track events, with outstanding performances coming from Ray Ewry and Irving Baxter.

    Ewry started his Olympic career with a sweep of the three standing jumps, while Baxter finished second to Ewry three times and won both the regular high jump and pole vault.

    Meyer Prinstein became the first Jewish Olympic gold medalist in the triple jump. The chistera form of the game was played at this, the sport's only appearance at full Olympic level.

    Two pairs entered and the Spanish partnerships of Amezola and Villota became their nations' first Olympic champions. The mano form of the game and a chistera tournament for professional players were contested unofficially.

    After the withdrawal of teams from the Netherlands and Belgium, only two teams played in the cricket tournament. A team made up of players from the Albion Cricket Club and the Standard Athletic Club, two Paris clubs consisting almost exclusively of British expatriates, played a touring team from the southwest of England.

    The Devon and Somerset Wanderers were no more than a team of competent club cricketers made up from Blundells School old boys and members of Castle Cary Cricket Club , and only Montagu Toller and Alfred Bowerman were deemed good enough to play at county level for Somerset.

    An emphatic second innings bowling performance from Toller captured victory for the visitors as time appeared to be running out for them.

    If the French had held out for five more minutes the game would have declared a draw. The croquet tournament was notable as it marked the first appearance of women at Olympic level.

    All players were French. A single paying spectator attended the tournament, an elderly English gentleman who travelled from Nice for the early stages.

    An unofficial two-ball handicap competition was also held. The home nation won six of the nine medals available. A number of unofficial events were held for both amateurs and professionals.

    Equestrian sport made its debut at the Olympic Games with three jumping events being held, plus two other events. The Italian rider Gian Giorgio Trissino won a gold and a silver.

    He narrowly missed making Olympic history by winning two medals in the same event. Competing with two different horses in the high jump, he jointly won the gold medal and finished in 4th place on his second horse.

    Nineteen nations were represented in the fencing competition, which was held in a field near the cutlery exhibit at the World's Fair.

    French fencers dominated the proceedings but both Cuba and Italy also took titles. The early rounds of the foil competitions were judged on style rather than the actual result of the contest.

    This meant that some fencers were eliminated without losing a contest while others were defeated and still progressed to the next rounds.

    A crowd of around spectators saw them defeat their French rivals. Margaret Ives Abbott , a student of art from Chicago, played in and won a nine-hole golf tournament on an October Tuesday in Paris.

    She died in without being aware that the tournament was part of the Olympic Games and she had become America's first ever female Olympic champion.

    Eight separate tournaments were held in as part of the World's Fair. Only the Grand Prix Internationale de l'Exposition is counted as an official medal event.

    Entries were from clubs rather than countries, and the winning Foxhunters club comprised English, Irish and American players. Mexico won its first medal in this sport, a bronze won by Guillermo Hayden Wright, Marquez de Villavieja and three brothers: Competitions were held on the River Seine.

    The coxed fours descended into farce when officials changed the qualifying criteria for the final several times.

    The first final was held without any of the original qualifiers, who had withdrawn as a protest against the decision to run six boats on a course laid out for only four.

    The officials then decided to run another "final" for the boycotting crews. Both events are considered official Olympic competitions.

    In a number of events crews saw the advantage of having ultra-lightweight coxswain and recruited local boys for the period of the Games.

    Most of these remain a mystery; some could have been under ten years old. Three teams competed in the Rugby tournament. The Moseley team had played a full game of rugby in England the day before they made the journey to Paris.

    They arrived in the morning, played the match in the afternoon and were back in their home country by the next morning.

    The proposed game between the British and German sides was cancelled, and both are credited as silver medalists. The Franco-Haitian centre Constantin Henriquez become the first black gold medalist.

    The sailing regatta differs from every other Olympic regatta in a number of ways. In most classes there were two distinct "finals", boats were assigned time handicaps according to their weight within each class and cash prizes were handed out to the winner of each race.

    The IOC initially recognized the winner of the first race in each class as Olympic champion except in the case of the ton class, which was decided on aggregate time over three races.

    However currently the participants of both first and second races in 3 classes Thus, for five of the eight events, two gold, two silver and two bronze medals were retrospectively awarded.

    Races were held at both Meulan and Le Havre and medals shared among five nations. France and Great Britain were the most successful of the countries involved.

    A number of people named as members of medal-winning crews by the IOC have been proved not to have competed; others have their participation seriously questioned by historical research.

    Switzerland's Konrad Stäheli was the outstanding marksman of the Games, taking a trio of titles and leading his country to the top of the shooting medal table.

    The medals were shared between six different nations. There is a debate as to whether the live pigeon shooting event was a full Olympic event, Belgian Leon Lunden shot twenty-one birds on his way to the championship.

    Up to thirty unofficial shooting events were also held, most involving professional marksmen. Research has shown that one of the medal events in the IOC database 25m rapid fire pistol, also called military pistol cat.

    The muddied waters of the Seine hosted the swimming events in Run with the current, the races produced very fast times by the standards of the day.

    Lane received a pound bronze statue of a horse as a prize. A couple of unusual events were held. The obstacle race required both swimming underneath and climbing over rows of boats while Charles de Venville stayed submerged for over a minute to win the underwater swimming event.

    A high quality men's tournament saw three past or future Wimbledon champions reach the semi-finals. Laurence Doherty reached the final when older brother Reggie stepped aside and let his sibling advance to the final.

    The two refused to play each other in what they considered a minor tournament. On the 11th of July a landmark was reached in the history of the Olympic Games.

    Charlotte Cooper , already three times Wimbledon champion, took the singles championship to become the first individual female Olympic champion, also winning the mixed doubles event.

    One of the members of the French team was born in Colombia. They were left as the only participating teams; the United States had entered but were forced to scratch as three of their team were involved in the final of the hammer.

    Edgar Aaybe was a journalist covering the Games for the Danish newspaper Politiken and was asked to join the team when another puller was taken ill.

    Osborne Swimming Club, representing Great Britain were unchallenged in the tournament, scoring 29 goals and conceding only 3 in their 3 matches.

    In the final, they limited the number of shots on goal to avoid humiliating their opponents. One of its team members was from New Zealand.

    Thomas William Burgess of the bronze medal-winning Libellule de Paris team, represented Great Britain in the swimming events. The games were not governed by a specific Olympic organizing committee, but instead held as an appendage to the World's Fair.

    An enormous number of events were held, though many fall short of the standards later required for Olympic championship status.

    In the absence of any overall authority capable of making an official distinction of this kind, no decision as to the official status of any event was made at the time of the Games.

    A document from exists, listing results from the Games, but the reliability and authenticity of this paper is questioned by Olympic historians.

    This document formed the original basis of the results of the Paris games in the IOC database.

    Allenfalls das ästhetisch schön anzuschauende, gerade Jahre alt gewordene Domino-Spiel wurde ihr zugestanden. Bei einem internationalen Sportkongress an der Sorbonne in Paris, der später als erster Olympischer Kongress in die Geschichte eingehen sollte, beschlossen die von Coubertin eingeladenen Vertreter von Sportverbänden verschiedener Länder ayondo top trader Ausrichtung Olympischer Spiele. Casino.com Italia | Secrets of the Amazon™ hatten deshalb vielfach den Charakter von Schauwettkämpfen, zum Beispiel die Wettbewerbe für Feuerwehren oder das Militär, oder es stand eine technische Leistungsfähigkeit im Vordergrund, zum Beispiel bei den Wettbewerben für Automobilisten und Ballonfahrer. Neo-Olympismus zwischen Nationalismus und Internationalismus. Sportarten bei den Olympischen Sommerspielen Schon beim ersten Olympischen Kongress wurde Touch Lucky Casino Review – Is this A Scam/Site to Avoid, dass nur Amateure an Olympischen Spielen teilnehmen durften. Herkunft oder Vereinszugehörigkeit gip casino fürstenwalde vollkommen unwichtig. Zusammen mit ihrem Mann und ihrem Neffen führte sie ihr Boot zum Sieg. Der Verlauf der Spiele von Beste Spielothek in Maisenbühl finden hatte aber auch negative Randerscheinungen, die brähmer boxkampf Austragung der folgenden Spiele in Paris fast vereitelt hätten. Es gab nur wenige Nationen, die eine offizielle Delegation nach Paris schickten.

    A crowd of around spectators saw them defeat their French rivals. Margaret Ives Abbott , a student of art from Chicago, played in and won a nine-hole golf tournament on an October Tuesday in Paris.

    She died in without being aware that the tournament was part of the Olympic Games and she had become America's first ever female Olympic champion.

    Eight separate tournaments were held in as part of the World's Fair. Only the Grand Prix Internationale de l'Exposition is counted as an official medal event.

    Entries were from clubs rather than countries, and the winning Foxhunters club comprised English, Irish and American players. Mexico won its first medal in this sport, a bronze won by Guillermo Hayden Wright, Marquez de Villavieja and three brothers: Competitions were held on the River Seine.

    The coxed fours descended into farce when officials changed the qualifying criteria for the final several times. The first final was held without any of the original qualifiers, who had withdrawn as a protest against the decision to run six boats on a course laid out for only four.

    The officials then decided to run another "final" for the boycotting crews. Both events are considered official Olympic competitions. In a number of events crews saw the advantage of having ultra-lightweight coxswain and recruited local boys for the period of the Games.

    Most of these remain a mystery; some could have been under ten years old. Three teams competed in the Rugby tournament. The Moseley team had played a full game of rugby in England the day before they made the journey to Paris.

    They arrived in the morning, played the match in the afternoon and were back in their home country by the next morning.

    The proposed game between the British and German sides was cancelled, and both are credited as silver medalists. The Franco-Haitian centre Constantin Henriquez become the first black gold medalist.

    The sailing regatta differs from every other Olympic regatta in a number of ways. In most classes there were two distinct "finals", boats were assigned time handicaps according to their weight within each class and cash prizes were handed out to the winner of each race.

    The IOC initially recognized the winner of the first race in each class as Olympic champion except in the case of the ton class, which was decided on aggregate time over three races.

    However currently the participants of both first and second races in 3 classes Thus, for five of the eight events, two gold, two silver and two bronze medals were retrospectively awarded.

    Races were held at both Meulan and Le Havre and medals shared among five nations. France and Great Britain were the most successful of the countries involved.

    A number of people named as members of medal-winning crews by the IOC have been proved not to have competed; others have their participation seriously questioned by historical research.

    Switzerland's Konrad Stäheli was the outstanding marksman of the Games, taking a trio of titles and leading his country to the top of the shooting medal table.

    The medals were shared between six different nations. There is a debate as to whether the live pigeon shooting event was a full Olympic event, Belgian Leon Lunden shot twenty-one birds on his way to the championship.

    Up to thirty unofficial shooting events were also held, most involving professional marksmen. Research has shown that one of the medal events in the IOC database 25m rapid fire pistol, also called military pistol cat.

    The muddied waters of the Seine hosted the swimming events in Run with the current, the races produced very fast times by the standards of the day.

    Lane received a pound bronze statue of a horse as a prize. A couple of unusual events were held. The obstacle race required both swimming underneath and climbing over rows of boats while Charles de Venville stayed submerged for over a minute to win the underwater swimming event.

    A high quality men's tournament saw three past or future Wimbledon champions reach the semi-finals. Laurence Doherty reached the final when older brother Reggie stepped aside and let his sibling advance to the final.

    The two refused to play each other in what they considered a minor tournament. On the 11th of July a landmark was reached in the history of the Olympic Games.

    Charlotte Cooper , already three times Wimbledon champion, took the singles championship to become the first individual female Olympic champion, also winning the mixed doubles event.

    One of the members of the French team was born in Colombia. They were left as the only participating teams; the United States had entered but were forced to scratch as three of their team were involved in the final of the hammer.

    Edgar Aaybe was a journalist covering the Games for the Danish newspaper Politiken and was asked to join the team when another puller was taken ill.

    Osborne Swimming Club, representing Great Britain were unchallenged in the tournament, scoring 29 goals and conceding only 3 in their 3 matches.

    In the final, they limited the number of shots on goal to avoid humiliating their opponents. One of its team members was from New Zealand.

    Thomas William Burgess of the bronze medal-winning Libellule de Paris team, represented Great Britain in the swimming events.

    The games were not governed by a specific Olympic organizing committee, but instead held as an appendage to the World's Fair.

    An enormous number of events were held, though many fall short of the standards later required for Olympic championship status. In the absence of any overall authority capable of making an official distinction of this kind, no decision as to the official status of any event was made at the time of the Games.

    A document from exists, listing results from the Games, but the reliability and authenticity of this paper is questioned by Olympic historians.

    This document formed the original basis of the results of the Paris games in the IOC database. All events satisfying all four of these retrospective selection criteria — restricted to amateurs, international participation, open to all competitors and without handicapping — are now regarded as Olympic events, except for those in one sport — ballooning.

    Croquet, motorboating and boules satisfied three criteria all had only French players. Only croquet has been accorded Olympic status.

    Thus the croquet events were considered as international. Like all the Olympic events widely regarded as official, there were other events conducted during the World's Fair.

    In addition to these, 71 scholastic and 92 military events were also held across a range of sports. According to an International Olympic Committee imprint, 24 nations sent competitors to the Olympic Games.

    Other modern nations could be considered to have competed in some form in Algeria, Croatia, Ireland, Poland and Slovakia had athletes competing, but none of these were independent at the time.

    Algeria was part of France and sent four gymnasts who competed for France. What is now the Republic of Ireland was then part of Great Britain and had athletes who competed in athletics, polo, sailing and tennis.

    The concept of "national teams" chosen by National Olympic Committees did not exist at this point in time. Gold medals were not given at the Games.

    A silver medal was given for a first place and a bronze medal was given for second. The International Olympic Committee has retrospectively assigned gold, silver, and bronze medals to competitors who earned 1st, 2nd, and 3rd-place finishes respectively in order to bring early Olympics in line with current awards.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Spele van die IIe Olimpiade Gehou in Parys , Frankryk Deelnemende lande 24 Nasionale Olimpiese Komitees Deelnemende atlete mans, 22 vroue [1] Items 95 in 19 sporte [2] Openingseremonie 14 Mei geen openingseremonie [3] Sluitingseremonie 28 Oktober geen sluitingseremonie Amptelik geopen deur Alexandre Millerand Beskermheer Atlete-eed — sedert Beampte-eed — sedert Olimpiese vlam — sedert Vorige Spele Athene Griekeland Volgende Spele URL besoek op 2 Maart Ontsluit van " https: Weergawes Lees Wysig Wysig bron Wys geskiedenis.

    Ander projekte Wikimedia Commons. Die bladsy is laas op 28 Oktober om Aanvullende voorwaardes kan moontlik ook van toepassing wees.

    Sailing at the Summer Olympics. List of medalists by discipline by class List of venues Scoring systems Classes. Olympic venues in sailing.

    Meulan , Le Havre Ryde , Hunters Quay Ostend , Buiten Y Le Havre , Meulan Buiten Y , Zuiderzee Los Angeles Harbor Harmaja , Liuskasaari Gulf of Naples Club de Yates de Acapulco Bay of Kiel Portsmouth Olympic Harbour Olympic Regatta in Tallinn Long Beach Shoreline Marina Busan Yachting Center Agios Kosmas Olympic Sailing Centre Qingdao International Sailing Centre Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy Old Port of Marseille Belmont Veterans Memorial Pier.

    Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 27 October , at

    Für ein Rennen mit sechs Booten war der Kurs jedoch nicht geeignet. Ursprünglich hatte Coubertin die Idee, den heiligen Hain von Olympia , die Altis, in einer originalgetreuen Kopie auf dem Gelände der Weltausstellung aufzubauen. Frei nach dem Motto citius, altius, fortius sollte es auch keine Handicaps zur Nivellierung unterschiedlicher Leistungsstärken geben. Für das Rennen über 25 km wurde allerdings kein offizieller Weltmeistertitel vergeben, den gab es nur beim Rennen über km. Von diesen war wiederum der jeweils Erste und Zweite für das Finale vorgesehen. Sportarten bei den Olympischen Sommerspielen Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. In Ermangelung ausreichender Aufklärungsarbeit über die Geschehnisse gab es dabei jedoch auch manchen nicht reparablen Irrtum. In den Augen der Organisation der Weltausstellung handelte es sich hierbei um einen kontroversen und gegen die eigenen Bestrebungen gerichteten Akt. Walter Tewksbury erzielte mit seinen fünf gewonnenen Medaillen eine bis heute unerreichte Leistung. Ursprünglich hatte Coubertin die Idee, den heiligen Hain von Olympia , die Altis, in einer originalgetreuen Kopie auf dem Gelände der Weltausstellung aufzubauen. August ausgetragen werden, wurden jedoch wegen diverser Proteste um einen Tag verlängert.

    spiele 1900 -

    Ein Wettkampf sollte nach der Vorstellung von Coubertin für jeden Athleten frei zugänglich sein, also keine an die Person des Teilnehmers gebundene Einschränkung besitzen, zum Beispiel hinsichtlich Alter, Nationalität oder Weltanschauung. Walter Tewksbury erzielte mit seinen fünf gewonnenen Medaillen eine bis heute unerreichte Leistung. Es ist kaum vorstellbar, dass die olympische Idee überlebt hätte, wären zuerst die vom Chaos geprägten Spiele von Paris veranstaltet worden. Dritte Französische Republik Jardin des Tuileries. Er wandte sich mit einem Kompromissvorschlag an den griechischen Kronprinzen Konstantin I. September und gegen die Belgier am Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am The decision to hold competitions on a Sunday brought protests from many American athletes, who travelled as representatives of their colleges and were expected to withdraw rather than compete on their religious day of rest. Het reeds vantevore deelgeneem. For the Olympic sailing in the organizers decided to combine the Olympic sailing for the smaller yachts with the regattas of the Exposition Universelle on the river Seine near Meulan. Competing with two different horses in the high jump, he jointly won the gold medal and finished in 4th place on his second horse. The race conditions at Meulan during the 221b baker street regatta were not ideal. List of medalists by discipline by class List of venues Scoring systems Tragamonedas gratis book of ra de luxe. The IOC initially recognized the winner of the first race in each class as Olympic champion except in blackjack strategy online casino case book of ra deluxe the 10 — 20 ton class, which was decided on aggregate time over three races. Belmont Veterans Memorial Pier. KroketPoloToutrek. Many athletes, among them some who won events, didn't know that they had competed in the Olympic Games. Polo at the Summer Olympics. Basque pelota at the Summer Olympics. Eine klare Abgrenzung fällt rückblickend mangels ausreichender historischer Belege schwer. Er gewann von bis an vier aufeinanderfolgenden Olympischen Spielen, die Lotto euromillions einbezogen, alle ausgetragenen Standsprungwettbewerbe. Selbst der Name Olympische Spiele wurde in keinem offiziellen Bericht und in nur wenigen Veröffentlichungen jener Zeit verwendet. Frei nach dem Motto citius, altius, fortius sollte es auch keine Handicaps zur Nivellierung unterschiedlicher Leistungsstärken geben. Charles Sands ist der erste Vielzwecksportler der olympischen Geschichte. In anderen Projekten Commons. Mensch ärger dich nicht online spielen gab es z.

    1900 spiele -

    Der einzige Erfolg bestand in den Bemühungen um die Teilnahme ausländischer Sportler. Die Organisatoren der Weltausstellung, unter deren Leitung auch alle Sportwettbewerbe veranstaltet wurden, sahen deshalb auch keine Veranlassung, sich den Forderungen und Ansprüchen von Pierre de Coubertin , dem Begründer der neuzeitlichen Olympischen Spiele, zu beugen. Dennoch hat das IOC nachträglich eine Endplatzierung festgelegt und eine Zuteilung der Medaillenränge vorgenommen, die sich, wie dargestellt, auch im Medaillenspiegel niederschlägt. August ausgetragen werden, wurden jedoch wegen diverser Proteste um einen Tag verlängert. Die Wettbewerbe sollte an zwei Tagen, dem

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